Thursday, November 22, 2018

Happy 10th Birthday, TFSA!

 It seems like yesterday.  But it’s not! 

It has been ten years since the “new kid on the block” was introduced to Canadians.  This coming January we sing, “Happy Birthday!” to the Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA). 

When the TFSA was first introduced in 2009, I was working as an Investment Specialist.  I remember those initial conversations with clients. The contribution limit of $5,000 for some seemed so insignificant; they could not see the benefits of investing their money in a TFSA to shelter the modest investment income they would earned in that first year. However, for a couple, sheltering the income on $10,000 proved to be a great starting point.

Now look at the total contribution limit! 

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) recently announced the contribution for 2019 would be raised to $6,000, a modest increase from the previous three years’ limit of $5,500.  If an investor has been faithfully socking away money into this favorable investment account, as of January 1st the total limit will be $63,500.  What first may have appeared as an insignificant amount ten years ago has certainly become attractive for any individual or couple looking to protect investment income from being taxed. 

The majority of seniors who held money in non-registered investments embraced the new investment account.  Every year they would transition money subjected to taxation into the haven of the TFSA where taxation was prohibited. Rightly so!  They lowered their total income.  In turn, they could take advantage of the potential tax credits and government benefits.  

What You Need To Know

1.  Which is better?

The confusion begins with people who are currently employed and cannot decide whether TFSAs or RRSPs are a better fit for their needs.  Like any investment products, both have their pros and cons.

When money is invested into Registered Retirement Savings Accounts (RRSP), the contribution reduces the annual taxable income (advantage).  When the money is withdrawn from this safe-haven, the withdrawal amount, like employment income, adds to the annual taxable income (disadvantage).  The opposite is true with a TFSA.  A contribution to a TFSA does not reduce taxable income and likewise a withdrawal from a TFSA does not increase taxable income.

2.  Where’s the answer?   

Deciding which investment account is better suited to your needs, the answer is determined by asking, “What are your goals?”  The diagram below is quite clear about identifying three things: your goals, time horizon, and risk tolerance.  Playing the guessing game to determine which investment product will work is pointless.  Once you clearly recognize what you want to achieve, then you can evaluate your time horizon and risk tolerance.  

3.  What’s in a name?

Many articles place blame on the name, Tax Free Savings Account.  Most people associate the word, “savings”, with an investment made in a low-interest earning account.  What you need to know is the sky’s the limit when you are deciding where to invest your money. Your choices are everything from a daily savings account to GICs, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds.

4.  Where’s the secret?     

If you are one of many people who are caught at the impasse of saving for retirement and cannot decide which investment account is more advantageous, the secret is in your taxable income.  Your marginal tax rate (MTR) is your deciding factor.  The MTR is the rate of tax you will pay on your next dollar of income, both federal and provincial.  As your income climbs higher from one tax bracket to the next so will your marginal tax rate. 

For example, if your annual income is $50,000, then your marginal tax rate (MTR) is 33% (20.5% Federal + 12.5% Saskatchewan).     

5. What’s the difference? 

Once you know your MTR, then you are ready for the next question. 
“Will your retirement income be higher or lower than it is currently when you make the contribution?” 

Once you know this, you have your choice.

6.  What’s another tactic?

To simplify the process, the chart below asks you to pick an answer (higher or lower) to determine an appropriate strategy. 

If your MTR for RRSP contribution is (higher or lower) and the MTR for RRSP withdrawal is (higher or lower), the following is more advantageous.   

7.   When’s the right time?

I understand timing is everything.  Many Canadians are self-employed and their savings are invested back into their businesses for good reasons.  These Canadians have not capitalized on the Tax Free Savings Accounts yet because the opportunity has not been presented.   Whenever the sale of their businesses or real estate does occur, they will seize the chance to tuck money into the TFSA.  The benefit of the TFSA is the ability to carry forward the contribution room into the future.  If you are one who has not opened a TFSA account, you should know that you can when the time is right for you.  The interesting fact is you can give money to your spouse and children to invest in their TFSA without any questions. 

8.  What’s the hidden trick?

A point of interest that deserves your attention is your TFSA contribution room may actually increase without your knowledge.  When you earn money on your investments (interest, dividends, or capital gains) and then opt to withdraw funds from your TFSA, the following year you can replace the full amount of your withdrawal plus the current year’s new TFSA limit.  In all likelihood, your deposit may exceed the total contribution room offered to a first-time TFSA investor.

Here’s why.  The new annual calculation includes: your TFSA dollar limit, any unused TFSA contribution room from previous years, and any withdrawals made from the TFSA in the previous year.  It’s your earnings that essentially increased your contribution room.

In a nutshell, your annual contribution room can become uncertain if you are making regular deposits and withdrawals.  As a cautionary measure, always keep a record of your transactions to take advantage of topping up your TFSA and to avoid any penalties for over-contributions.

9.  What’s the benefit?      

The Tax-Free Savings Account has served Canadians well over the past ten years. I believe they have their place in everyone’s financial plan.   This investment account can serve multiple purposes depending on individual or household needs.  Whether you are saving for something specific, like a vehicle, or funding discretionary items, like the occasional winter getaway, money can be tucked away inside a TFSA so it’s out of sight and out of mind. 

Happy 10th Birthday, TFSA!

You’re making dreams and wishes come true!

But I believe we have to do our part.  

The encouragement is “Never under-estimate your effort, no matter how little.  Every effort, little or great is a step closer towards the actualization of your dreams.” (Chinonye. J. Chidolue)

If the effort simply means we open a TFSA account, commit to regular deposits and save money on taxes, then we are closer to our dreams.  Are we willing to give this task a little effort? Your answer needs to be a resounding, “Yes!”  

Thursday, November 8, 2018

What Bugs You about the Pieces of Your Financial Puzzle?

Have you ever solved a jigsaw puzzle?  Anyone who has learns something through the process.  One thing is certain, puzzles require patience. Without patience you are hopeless especially when the puzzle has many pieces. The more complex the puzzle, the more difficult it is to solve.

Did you know there are appropriate steps to solve a puzzle? The first step is to begin with what we know.   We first look for the outside border pieces. These straight edges help define the boundary. Then the other pieces are sorted into piles by colours, patterns, and shapes.  Particular attention is given to the tiny details on each of the pieces. These intricate details help place the pieces in their rightful place creating a final beautiful image.

No doubt, we may not be interested at all in solving jigsaw puzzles.  Ever!  But perhaps we are interested in solving our financial puzzles. There’s a correlation between solving puzzles and fitting the pieces of our finances together so we achieve and create a beautiful image of our lifetime goals, dreams and aspiration.

Looking at the disarray of our finances may resemble looking at pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.  We can’t see the whole picture when the pieces of our finances look like they’re broken and shattered into one big heap.  Debt here and there! Savings who knows where! Lifestyle expenses unknown! Consequently the more pieces to our financial picture, the more confusing and complex it can be.

Working slowly through the intricacy of our financial pieces is the same advice a puzzle solver knows only too well. When we work too long on any project, the tendency is to become overwhelmed. The frustration leads to giving up on the puzzle.  Most puzzle-solvers know their limitations. They walk away only to return later with a new burst of renewed energy and fresh eyes to see something new they hadn’t seen previously.

We know a myriad of steps could solve our financial puzzle.  Here are a few simple rules that we can extract from puzzle-solver enthusiasts and apply them to our needs.

I am an advocate for putting your goals in writing.  When you refer to your list, you will not be swayed by distractions.  Your vision will be clear; and you will focus only on your concrete desires.

When you first sort through your lifestyle needs, debt obligations, and savings plans, you may not see the whole picture.  But if you are persistent and determined to create a beautiful image with your finances, you will be astonished with the results.  You must tell yourself that giving up is not an option. 

There are many advantages to having an accountability partner. Two such advantages are motivation and clarity.  When you find yourself in a slump, knee-deep in financial confusion, you need someone who will shine a fresh perspective on your circumstances.  We could all use someone to help us see what we can’t understand, analyze what we don’t how to fix, and especially achieve what we didn’t think was possible. Your spouse, friend, family member, or financial planner could be that person in your corner.

These three simple, yet concise, steps sound so easy when you are making sense of your financial puzzle.  The power is in knowing what to do and doing it. Any time you embrace knowledge, you are empowered to change your circumstances.  When you manage your money and debt wisely and save for the future, you will achieve what you want to achieve.

So one question remains…“What bugs you about the pieces of your financial puzzle?”  
Post your question below!  Every question deserves an answer.